Anti-Semitic attitudes in ten European countries remain at "disturbingly high levels," according to a new poll from the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) released today, with large swaths of the population subscribing to classical anti-Semitic notions such as Jews having too much power in business, being more loyal to Israel than their own country, or "talking too much" about what happened during the Holocaust.
ADL has conducted periodic surveys of European attitudes towards Jews and Israel since 2002. Over eight surveys, ADL has polled attitudes in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain, Switzerland, and UK.
Two of the most fundamental Jewish rites -- circumcision and kosher slaughter -- are increasingly being challenged in Europe.
April 23, 2013 - Paris - A rabbi and his son were stabbed near the Beth-El synagogue by an Iranian man who had recently escaped a psychiatric hospital. The attacker stabbed the rabbi in the neck causing light injuries, while the rabbi's son was lightly cut when he came to his defense. The attacker was subdued by bystanders and turned over to the police.
June 2, 2013 - Offenbach - A rabbi was attacked by a group of youths in a shopping mall. The group physically assaulted the rabbi and called him a "shitty Jew."
April 22, 2013 - Vilnius - Nazi slogans, including a swastika and the phrases "Heil Hitler" and "Jews out", were found scrawled in German on the pavement near the former concentration camp HKP 562.
June 3, 2013 - Verona - Swastikas, the Star of David and the word "Juden" were spray painted on the facade of a synagogue.
March 9, 2013 – Perm - Two unidentified assailants threw a rock and a Molotov cocktail through a window of the Jewish Community Center. A small area was set on fire, but a security guard extinguished it. Jewish community leaders ascribed the incident to incitement in the local media the previous week, related to stories about a new Torah scroll for the community.