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Arab Peace Initiative

The Arab Peace Initiative is a comprehensive peace plan which was proposed in 2002 by then-Crown Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia. The Initiative calls for an end to the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians and the normalization of relations between Israel and the entire Arab world, in exchange for an Israeli withdrawal from the areas gained by Israel during the 1967 Six Day War and a “just settlement” to the issue of Palestinian refugees. The Arab League endorsed the plan in March 2002, and readopted it in March 2007.

In May 2013, US Secretary of State John Kerry pushed the Arab League to reintroduce the Initiative and include the notion of land swaps (e.g. the exchange of small blocs of land in a final status agreement between Israel and the Palestinians) as part of the plan.

While the recent changes were welcomed by some Israeli politicians as a positive development, Israeli and US leaders, including Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Barack Obama, have refrained from endorsing the plan. Israel’s wariness stems from what it calls “preconditions” in the document, regarding the issues of borders and refugees, which Israel (and the Quartet) says can only be determined as part of a final status agreement between Israel and the Palestinians.

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