On July 18 1994, a suicide terrorist drove a car filled with hundreds of kilograms of explosives into the Jewish community's AMIA/DAIA building in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Eighty-five people were killed and hundreds were injured. The now infamous AMIA/DAIA bombings represent the deadliest terrorist attack in Argentina, home to the largest Jewish community in Latin America.
On May 29, 2013 Alberto Nisman, the General Prosecutor of the case involving the 1994 bombing of the AMIA Jewish center in Argentina, issued a lengthy indictment accusing the Iranian regime of infiltrating several South American countries and building local intelligence gathering facilities tasked with fostering and executing terrorist attacks. The report claims that the planning for these attacks was carried out by the Iranian government and Hezbollah.
The Nisman report comes a few months after Argentina and Iran approved a Memorandum of Understanding to establish a joint “truth commission” to investigate the AMIA attack. ADL has joined with the Argentinian Jewish community to condemn the MOU, asserting that it undermines efforts to arrest and prosecute under Argentine law those responsible of this heinous attack.
On May 15, 2014, judges in the First Court of the Federal Chamber upheld the injunction filed by the Argentinian Jewish community and ruled the Memorandum of Understanding as unconstitutional. The Court also ruled bill number 26.843 approved by Congress as illegal and ordered the executive led by President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner to refrain from taking action on the bilateral agreement. The ruling also orders the Courts to reaffirm the extradition orders against Iranian officials, and instructed Interpol to re-examine the arrest warrants for Ali Rafsanjani, Ali Akbar Velayati and Hadi Soleimanpour, who are suspected of being perpetrators in the bombing. The Court ordered the strengthening of efforts to track down the perpetrators and to enforce the arrest orders which have previously been put in place.
Shortly after the Court's ruling, the Argentinian Government submitted an appeal. According to the Government, the ruling "invades the sphere of actuation of the Executive Branch and Congress, curtailing the powers that the Constitution clearly expresses the powers that these two have, and all international and national law is prohibited to the analysis of Judicial power." The Government submitted the appeal in writing to the Federal Court of Criminal Appeal to "issue a statement to stop the contested decision, declare it inadmissable and reject the claim agains the State."
For an overview of the AMIA attack, please read The AMIA/DAIA Bombing: Terror in Argentina.