Nazi Germany

Echoes & Reflections: Teaching the Holocaust
Genocide & Holocaust
Ceremony for the Annual Nazi Party Rally, Germany 1935

Yad Vashem

Grade Level:
Middle School,
High School
Common Core Standards:
Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening
Genocide & Holocaust

The purpose of this unit is for students to learn about the Weimar Republic’s fragile democracy between 1918 and 1933 and to examine historical events that allowed for the complete breakdown of democracy in Germany between 1933 and 1939, which led to the unfolding of anti-Jewish policies. Students will investigate primary source materials in order to understand how legislation, terror, and propaganda isolated German Jewry from German society. Students will also consider the role and responsibility of the individual in interrupting hate and the escalation of violence.

Learning Objectives:

  • Describe the Weimar Republic and its fragile democracy, and reasons for the rise of Nazism.
  • Explain features of democracy and the role of the individual and government in sustaining democratic practices.
  • Identify Nazi policies and practices between 1933 and 1939 that intensified antisemitism and isolated Jewish people.
  • Interpret primary source materials—including visual history testimony—that represent a range of Jewish experiences and responses to Nazi-German state policies.
  • Summarize the causes and effects of the Kristallnacht Pogrom based on analysis of primary and secondary source materials.
  • Analyze our responsibility to interrupt the escalation of hate and violence, as individuals and members of societal groups and organizations.

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