This case addresses the federal Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003. ADL, together with other religious and religiously affiliated organizations, joined a brief authored by the Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice. The brief argues that the Act unconstitutionally threatens the health and lives of women, and undermines their right to choose an abortion in accordance with their religious faiths. The brief also asserts that for many people of faith, freedom to make decisions of conscience without government interference is consistent with their deeply held religious convictions. Further, restrictions on access to abortion that do not provide an exception for the health of the woman not only risk women's health but threaten the religious values of many women of faith.