David Duke, perhaps America's most well-known racist and anti-Semite, promotes anti-Semitic and white supremacist views as the leader of the white supremacist European American Unity and Rights Organization, as a writer of anti-Semitic tracts, and, in recent years, as an international figure who has promoted his anti-Jewish ideology in Europe and the Middle East, devoting particular attention to Russia and the Ukraine.
Since its emergence in 1982, Hezbollah has waged an anti-Israel campaign and guerilla war against Israeli forces. The Lebanese-based U.S.-designated terrorist organization, which seeks to establish an Islamic state that encompasses both Lebanon and Israel, has been implicated in numerous terrorist attacks against Israeli and Western targets.
Prior to his death in a U.S. drone strike in Yemen on September 30, 2011, Anwar al-Awlaki, an American-born Muslim cleric living in Yemen, encouraged attacks against America and the West by propagating radical online lectures to English-speaking audiences. Al-Awlaki, described by government officials as Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula's (AQAP) "leader of external operations," has also contributed to most of the editions of Inspire, Al Qaeda's first-ever English-language magazine disseminated via the Internet.
Yonathan Melaku was sentenced to 25 years in prison for a series of overnight shooting targeting the Pentagon, the National Museum of the Marine Corps and two military recruiting centers in the fall of 2010. He was arrested after attempting to run from law enforcement on federal property near Arlington National Cemetery in the summer of 2011, where authorities say he planned to vandalize grave markers. A former Marine reservist, Melaku, who prosecutors say self-radicalized, carried with him that night a notebook filled with references to Al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden.
The Arab American News, a.k.a. Sada Al Watan (Arabic for “Echo of the homeland”), is a dual-language Arabic-English newspaper published weekly in Dearborn, Michigan. Established in 1984 by publisher Osama A. Siblani, the paper has been described as the largest Arab community newspaper in the U.S. by the U.S. government-funded AlHurra satellite television station.
The overthrow of Hosni Mubarak's regime by the Egyptian people in February 2011 marks a turning point in the political development of the Muslim Brotherhood, the country's largest and best organized religious, social and political movement. On June 24, 2011, one of the Brotherhood's very own leaders, Mohamed Morsi, was elected president of Egypt. Although the group has vowed to promote peaceful co-existence and stability within Egypt, the Brotherhood's leadership continues to articulate its historical and ideological opposition to the existence of the State of Israel and to the 1979 Camp David peace accord between the two countries.
Abdul Salam, a naturalized American citizen who grew up in Texas, produced and translated terrorist propaganda for Al Qaeda and other militant organizations while living in Pakistan prior to his death. U.S. and Pakistani intelligence have alleged that Abdul Salam also served as a key liaison between different terrorist factions and took an active role in directing some terrorist attacks in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region.