Hate on Display™ Hate Symbols Database

This database provides an overview of many of the symbols most frequently used by a variety of white supremacist groups and movements, as well as some other types of hate groups. 
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311 is a number used by Ku Klux Klan members to refer to the Klan. The eleventh letter of the alphabet is the letter "K"; thus 3 times 11 equals "KKK," i.e., Ku Klux Klan.


The number 33 is used by Ku Klux Klan adherents to signify the Ku Klux Klan: since the 11th letter of the alphabet is K, three Ks signify "KKK" or the Ku Klux Klan. Klan members will frequently follow this with the number 6, to indicate the historical "era" of the Klan they think the Klan currently is in.

Burning Cross

One of the most potent hate symbols is the burning cross, popularized as a terror symbol by the Ku Klux Klan.


ITSUB is a Ku Klux Klan acronym for "In The Sacred Unfailing Being," a reference to God. It is one of many Klan acronyms created by the Second Ku Klux Klan that emerged in 1915.


KABARK is a Ku Klux Klan acronym for "Konstantly Applied By All Regular Klansmen." Today it is essentially meaningless and only used as a "sign off" in on-line messages by Klan group members.


KLASP is a Ku Klux Klan acronym for "Klannish Loyalty, A Sacred Principle."

Ku Klux Klan (hand sign)

Some Ku Klux Klan members use a hand sign that consists of angling the index and middle fingers out to the side in order to look vaguely like the letter "K."

Ku Klux Klan Robes

The hood and robes of Ku Klux Klan members are the most visible Klan symbol of all, so much so that a hooded and robed Klansman is a popular type of tattoo among white supremacists, including non-Klan members and non-Americans. The meanings of colors or stripes on the robes tend to vary from Klan group to Klan group.


LOTIE is a Ku Klux Klan abbreviation for a "Lady Of The Invisible Empire," i.e., a female Klan member.

Triangular Klan Symbol

The triangular Ku Klux Klan symbol consists of what looks like a triangle within a triangle but which actually represents three letter K's aligned in a triangle and facing inwards. A variation on this symbol has the K's facing outwards instead of inwards.

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All the symbols depicted here must be evaluated in the context in which they appear. Few symbols represent just one idea or are used exclusively by one group. For example, the Confederate Flag is a symbol that is frequently used by white supremacists but which also has been used by people and groups that are not racist. Similarly, other symbols in this database may be significant to people who are not extreme or racist. The descriptions here point out significant multiple meanings but may not be able to relay every possible meaning of a particular symbol.

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