Extremism, Terrorism & Bigotry

ADL Analysis: Array of Domestic Extremists Were Involved in Jan. 6 Siege on U.S. Capitol

Oath Keepers, Proud Boys, Gropyers, white supremacists, QAnon conspiracists and other extremists from at least 38 states played role in stoking violence

New York, NY, February 17, 2021 … ADL (the Anti-Defamation League) has positively identified 212 of the estimated 800 individuals who are believed to have breached the U.S. Capitol on January 6, revealing a wide array of domestic extremists were among those who unleashed their fury on legislators and Capitol police, leading to five deaths and scores of injuries.

Of the 212 individuals identified by experts in ADL’s Center of Extremism as having played a role in the Capitol insurrection, about one-quarter (52) have direct ties to known right-wing extremist groups, including the Oath Keepers (6 people) Proud Boys (17), Groypers and other white supremacists (10), and the QAnon conspiracy theory (14).

The remaining 75 percent are considered part of the new pro-Trump extremist movement, a decentralized but enthusiastic faction made of self-described “patriots” who continue to pledge their fidelity to the former president.

“Our analysis makes clear that the violence on the capitol was aided and abetted by far-right domestic extremists from 38 states whose views represent some of the most extreme elements of our society,” said Jonathan A. Greenblatt, ADL CEO. “And in the aftermath of their violent action at the Capitol, the chatter we are now seeing from these extremists shows that they still animated and looking toward the next fight.”

According to the latest data from ADL’s Center on Extremism, extremists from at least 38 states and the District of Columbia were represented among the insurrectionists. And the country’s five most populous states (Texas, California, New York, Florida and Pennsylvania) accounted for 41% of the total individuals ADL has identified in the attack, with the most hailing from California and Texas.

Roughly 160 of those identified by ADL were not roused to violent action on January 6 by the leader of any one extremist group. They are the product of weeks and months and years of incitement, lies and repeated conspiracy theories, many of which were propagated and/or openly embraced by President Trump. They are a new breed of extremist, one foundationally animated by devotion to President Trump, placing him over country and/or party.

For more information and an analysis on extremist chatter since the Capitol attack, see ADL’s latest blog entry here.

Extremism, Terrorism & Bigotry

ADL is the world’s leading anti-hate organization. Founded in 1913 in response to an escalating climate of antisemitism and bigotry, its timeless mission is to protect the Jewish people and to secure justice and fair treatment for all. Today, ADL continues to fight all forms of hate with the same vigor and passion. A global leader in exposing extremism, delivering anti-bias education, and fighting hate online, ADL is the first call when acts of antisemitism occur. ADL’s ultimate goal is a world in which no group or individual suffers from bias, discrimination or hate.