Hate on Display™ Hate Symbols Database

This database provides an overview of many of the symbols most frequently used by a variety of white supremacist groups and movements, as well as some other types of hate groups. 
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14 is numerical shorthand for the white supremacist slogan known as the "14 Words": "We must secure the existence of our people and a future for white children."

14 Words

14 Words is a reference to the popular white supremacist slogan: "We must secure the existence of our people and a future for white children."


1488 is the combination of two common white supremacist numeric symbols: 1) 14 (shorthand for the "14 Words" slogan: "We must secure the existence of our people and a future for white children") and 2) 88 (standing for "Heil Hitler").


88 is a white supremacist numerical code for "Heil Hitler." H is the eighth letter of the alphabet, so 88 = HH = Heil Hitler.

Anti-Antifa Images

“Anti-Antifa” images are white supremacist symbols and memes directed against antifa activists. Antifa (short for “anti-fascist”) are left-wing and anarchist activists who focus on directly confronting white supremacists.

Anti-SHARP Imagery

Racist skinheads view anti-racist skinheads (typically known as SHARPs, an acronym for Skin Heads Against Racial Prejudice) as enemies and frequently attack them (and vice versa). Racist skinheads also commonly create anti-SHARP imagery that typically demeans SHARPs or implies violence should be used against them.

Arrow Cross

The Arrow Cross symbol derives from the Hungarian fascist political party known as the Arrow Cross Party that was active during 1935-45. Since then, various neo-Nazis and white supremacists have used the symbol themselves, either generically or as part of the logo of a specific hate group.

Blood & Honour

Blood & Honour is an international neo-Nazi/racist skinhead group started by British white supremacist and singer Ian Stuart.

Blue Eyed Devils

The term "blue-eyed devil" is a racial epithet directed against people of European ancestry that originated in Asia. Some white supremacists have adopted the term for themselves, including a white power music band that appropriated the name and created a distinctive logo consisting of a rounded Celtic Cross out of which a man points a gun.

Bound for Glory

Bound for Glory is the name of a longstanding white power music band (dating back to 1989) from Minneapolis. It is popular among white supremacists. The main symbol associated with the band is a Thor's Hammer containing the band's initials. Also common are the band's initials in or superimposed over an Iron Cross. Both images derive from albums released by the group.

Bowlcut/Dylann Roof

The “Bowlcut” is an image of a bowl-shaped haircut resembling the one sported by white supremacist mass killer Dylan Roof. People who use the “bowlcut” image or other “bowl” references admire Roof and call for others to emulate his racist murders.

Burning Cross

One of the most potent hate symbols is the burning cross, popularized as a terror symbol by the Ku Klux Klan.

Confederate Flag

The Confederate flag is one of the more common white supremacist symbols. Although still used by non-extremists, especially in the South, as a symbol of Southern heritage or history, a growing number of people recognize it as a hate symbol.

Crazy White Boy

The term "Crazy White Boy/s" (or its initials) is a phrase used generically by some white supremacists (often as a tattoo), but also commonly used as the name for various white gangs. Although commonly used by white supremacists, others may also use the term, so it should be carefully judged in its context.

Crucified Skinhead

The crucified skinhead is a common skinhead symbol used by racist and non-racist skinheads alike, typically to expressed a perceived sense that society is opposed against them. Racist skinheads often adorn the symbol with additional hate symbols or replace the cross itself with a hate symbol.


The "echo," as it is sometimes called, is the on-line use by anti-Semites of multiple parentheses around a person's name to indicate that they are Jewish or, when used around a phrase or term, such as (((banker))), to imply that the word "Jewish" should be added to it.


Fasces are an ancient Roman symbol for authority and government coopted by Mussolini’s Fascist movement in Italy. Some white supremacists in the United States have recently adopted the symbol both because of its fascist connections and because it is more publicly acceptable than the swastika.

German Soldier

The image of a World War II-era German soldier--especially a Waffen SS soldier--has become a common symbol used by neo-Nazis and other white supremacists.


White supremacists use the letter/number combination H8 to mean "hate." This usage dates back at least to the 1990s and may originally derive from the punk subculture, but it has become more common in recent years, with the spread of text-message abbreviations. Common motifs for the word include playing cards and billiards balls.


It is common for white supremacists to deny being racists or to claim to that the groups to which they belong are not hate groups, but in fact the word "hate" itself is commonly used as a white supremacist symbol for tattoos and clothing. Many white supremacists use the word to openly proclaim their hatred of people unlike them.

Hate Edge

Hate Edge (also known as NS or National Socialist Straight Edge) is a small white supremacist offshoot of the non-racist Straight Edge movement, which emerged from the punk subculture in the 1980s. Straight Edgers eschew drugs, alcohol, meat, and often casual sex. Hate Edgers typically use common Straight Edge symbols with white supremacist twists or additions.

Identitarian Lambda

The Identitarian lambda is a symbol used by people who identify with Identitarianism, a racist and anti-immigrant European far right movement loosely analogous to the alt right in the United States.

Iron Cross

The Iron Cross, a famous German military medal, became a common white supremacist symbol after World War II, though today it is used in many non-racist/extremist situations and cannot be assumed to be used as a hate symbol without other contextual clues.

Jera Rune

The Jera rune is an ancient European runic symbol and part of the runic alphabet. It is one of a number of runic symbols that white supremacists have appropriated but is also commonly used by non-racist modern Norse pagans, so care needs to be taken in its evaluation.

Ku Klux Klan Robes

The hood and robes of Ku Klux Klan members are the most visible Klan symbol of all, so much so that a hooded and robed Klansman is a popular type of tattoo among white supremacists, including non-Klan members and non-Americans. The meanings of colors or stripes on the robes tend to vary from Klan group to Klan group.

Life Rune

The Life (also Elhaz or Algis) rune is an ancient runic symbol appropriated by the Nazis to help create an idealized "Aryan/Norse" heritage, which led to its adoption by later white supremacists. Because the life rune is also used by many non-racists, it should carefully be judged in context.

Love Your Race

"Love Your Race" is a white supremacist slogan originally popularized by the neo-Nazi National Alliance. In white supremacist literature and fliers, the phrase is often accompanied by an idealized image of a beautiful and/or maternal white woman.

Moon Man

“Moon Man” is a meme derived from a character in 1980s McDonald’s restaurant commercials that was appropriated by white supremacists, especially from the alt right, who attach it to racist songs, language and imagery.

No Race Mixing

White supremacists fear and hate the concept of multiracial couples, relationships or families, believing that such relationships "pollute" the "pure" white race. As a result, a fairly common white supremacist symbol depicts a multiracial couple or family, with a red circle/bar superimposed over the depiction, indicating that such relationships ought to be prohibited.


The hangman's noose, a symbol connected to lynching, is one of the most powerful visual symbols directed primarily at African-Americans.

Northwest American Republic

The "Northwest American Republic" is a fictional construct created by Harold Covington, a long-time fringe figure in the neo-Nazi movement. It is based on the so-called "Northwest Imperative," a longstanding call by some white supremacists for white people to move to the Pacific Northwest and establish their own country.

Not Equal

Some white supremacists have adopted the mathematical sign "≠" (Not Equal or Not Equal To) as a white supremacist symbol. The use of this symbol is an attempt to claim that different races are not equal to each other (and to imply that the white race is superior).

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Submit a Hate Symbol to ADL at hate-symbols@adl.org

All the symbols depicted here must be evaluated in the context in which they appear. Few symbols represent just one idea or are used exclusively by one group. For example, the Confederate Flag is a symbol that is frequently used by white supremacists but which also has been used by people and groups that are not racist. Similarly, other symbols in this database may be significant to people who are not extreme or racist. The descriptions here point out significant multiple meanings but may not be able to relay every possible meaning of a particular symbol.

Hate on Display is a trademark of the Anti-Defamation League.