It was a shocking wake-up call for some. For others, the shooting at the Tree of Life Synagogue felt sadly indicative of the trend in rising anti-Semitism incidents.
Shooting at the Tree of Life Synagogue
In October 2018, the U.S. experienced the deadliest anti-Semitic attack in history. Robert Bowers, a white supremacist, entered Pittsburgh’s Tree of Life Synagogue as congregants were engaged in worship. He opened fire, killing eleven congregants and wounding several others. Afterward, Bowers allegedly told police that he wanted to kill Jews. In his online social media posts, he reportedly condemned Jews for bringing immigrants into the country. Alarmingly, violent behavior and hate speech are both spreading. The number of anti-Semitic incidents has been steadily climbing in recent years.
What is Anti-Semitism?
Anti-Semitism is the marginalization and/or oppression of people who are Jewish based on the belief in stereotypes and myths about Jewish people, Judaism and Israel.
Anti-Semitism can manifest in a myriad of ways, including: stereotypes and attitudes about Jews, scapegoating, name-calling and bullying, online expressions of bias and hate, swastikas and other hate symbols scrawled in public spaces, anti-Semitic rhetoric, vandalism in synagogues and Jewish cemeteries, hate crimes like the shooting at the Tree of Life Synagogue, and more.
Anti-Semitism is not only about demeaning and attacking the Jewish community. It is also a symptom of a more significant issue. Individuals who hold ideologies of hatred against the Jewish people will often hold hateful beliefs about other groups who are marginalized.
Audit of Anti-Semitic Incidents
ADL has tracked anti-Semitic incidents in the U.S. since 1979. The annual audit of reported incidents compiles data on assaults, vandalism and harassment. In 2018, ADL recorded 1,879 anti-Semitic events in 46 states and the District of Columbia. The findings include 344 incidents in K-12 schools. The 2018 total number of incidents was the third highest number recorded since ADL started tracking this data. While the 2018 incidents decreased by 5% from the previous year, 2018’s total is 48% higher than the number of incidents in 2016 and 99% higher than in 2015.
How Hate Escalates
The Pyramid of Hate is a useful tool to understand bias, hate and oppression in society. The Pyramid is organized in escalating levels of attitudes and behaviors that grow in complexity from the bottom to top. Like a pyramid, the upper levels are supported by the lower levels. Bias at each level negatively impacts individuals, institutions and society. It becomes increasingly difficult to challenge and dismantle as behaviors escalate. When bias goes unchecked, it becomes “normalized” and contributes to a pattern of accepting discrimination, hate and injustice in society.
12 and up
Questions to Start the Conversation
- What do you know about the shooting at the Tree of Life Synagogue? How did you feel when you heard about what happened?
- Have you seen or heard about anti-Semitism in your school, community, the news or online?
- Why do you think anti-Semitic incidents are increasing?
- How do you think the increase in anti-Semitism impacts Jewish people?
- How do you think it impacts others and society in general?
Questions to Dig Deeper
(See the Additional Resources section for articles and information that address these questions.)
- Have you noticed an increase in other forms of bias, hate and oppression? Can you tell me more about that?
- What do you think we should do about anti-Semitism and other forms of bias and injustice?
- Do you talk with your peers about anti-Semitism or other forms of bias and hate? What are those conversations like? Do you talk about these issues in any of your classes?
Ask: What can we do to help? What individual and group actions can help make a difference?
- Help to organize an educational forum in school to talk about anti-Semitism and other forms of bias, hate and oppression. In the forum, explore and strategize what can be done about it in school, your community or society at large. Start a public awareness campaign in school and online.
- Write a letter to your school or community newspaper about your thoughts and feelings about anti-Semitism and other manifestations of bias and hate. In the letter, explain what you think should be done about it.
- Connect with local or national organizations that are fighting bias and hate by working with them directly, joining their fundraising efforts, or volunteer.